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英语 keep 的意思解释、词性和读音


在线发音

keep
[kip; ki:p]
《源自古英语“看守,守”的意思》(kept[k[pt; kept])
及物动词
A
1 保留,保有,保存,留下
a. 保存,保留<东西> (reserve)
K~ the change.
不用找钱了
She has kept all the letters from him.
她把他的来信全保存起来
b. 把<东西>保藏,把…存放[在…][in]
K~ the film in a dark and cool place.
把软片存放在阴凉的地方
c. [为…]保存<东西>[for]
I'll ~ this for future use.
我要保存这东西为将来用
d. 为<人>留<东西>; 留<东西>[给人][for]
Will you ~ me this book[~ this book for me]? I'll come later.
请帮我保管这本书好吗?我稍后来 (拿)
2 守
a. 信守 <诺言、协定等> ; 遵守 [服从] <法律、规则等> (obey)
~ a promise [one's word]
守约,守诺言; 守信
b. 守 <生活上的时间>
→ keep early [late,regular] hours
c. <钟表> (正确地) 维持 [守] <时间>
This watch ~s good time.
这只表很准
d. 举行 <仪式、民俗活动等> ,庆祝,纪念 (celebrate)
~ the Sabbath
守安息日
~ Christmas [one's birthday]
庆祝耶诞节 [生日]
e. 守 <秘密>
He cannot ~ a secret.
他无法守密
3 使…停留
a. 拘留,拘禁<人>
The teacher kept the pupils after school.
老师在放学后把学生留下不让回家
b. 使<人>停留 <在…的状态>
The snow kept them indoors.
雪把他们困在屋内
I won't ~ you long.
我不会担误你很久
The suspect was kept in custody for a week.
嫌犯被拘禁一星期
c. 妨碍,阻止<人、物>[做…],使<人、物>不能[做…][from]
What has kept you from helping her?.
你为什么还没有帮助她 [什么事妨碍你帮助她] ?
She could not ~ herself from crying.
她忍不住便哭了
What kept you (from coming)?.
什么事使你耽误了
[使你不能来] ?
d. [对人]隐瞒<事物>[from]
You are ~ing something from me.
你对我有所隐瞒
B 1 保护
a. 保护<人>; 守 <球门>
~ goal(
于足球比赛等) 守球门
God ~ you!.
愿上帝保?你!请保重!
b. 保护<人> [免于危害] [from]
~ a person from danger
保护某人免于危险
2 [替…] 保管<东西>; 收存<钱>; 储存<食品等>[for]
Banks ~ money for us.
银行为我们保管钱
Will you ~this jewel for me ?.
请你为我保管这珠宝好吗?
They ~ meat by drying.
他们使肉保持干燥以便储藏
3
a. (以良好的状态) 维护 <房屋、庭院等> ,养护,保养
This garden is always kept well.
这花园经常维护得很好
b. 经营 <商店> ,管理 <学校等> (manage)
~ a shop
经营商店
c. [~ oneself]靠自己收入生活,养活自己
4 a. 养 <家> ,养活,扶养 (support) <家眷>
He ~s a large family.
他扶养一个大家庭
b. 雇用 <佣人等>
c. 蓄 <妾> ,金屋藏 <娇>
d. 饲养 <牲口、狗、猫等> ,饲育
~ a dog [bees, cows]
养狗 [蜂,牛]
5 摆[卖]著<商品>,经销
That store~s imported cheeses.
那家商店出售进口乳酪
We don't ~ silver plate in stock.
我们没有银制餐具的现货
6
a. (持续地) 记 <日记、帐等>
~ a diary (
习惯地) 写日记
~ books
记帐
→ keep accounts
b. 记录<时间>
→ keep time
7 维持 <某种状态、动作>
~ silence
保持沉默
~ watch
监视,警戒
8 a. 使…维持<…的状态>
I kept myself warm by walking about.
我到处走动以保持身体暖和
K~ your body [yourself] clean.
保持你身体清洁
K~ your head down.
把你的头低著 (以免危险)
They kept the back door locked.
他们一直把后门上著锁
Let's ~ it a secret.
让我们继续保守这秘密
He always ~s his room in order.
他经常保持房间整齐
b. 使…继续…
K~ the stove burning.
让暖炉的火继续烧著
I'm sorry I have kept you waiting so long.
抱歉,让你久等了
9
a. 留守,不离开,守著
Please ~ your seat.
请留在座位上 [不要离开座位]
b. 一直不偏离地走<道路等>
~ one's way
继续走自己的路; 坚守自己的目标
c. 闭门不出<房间等>
~ one's room
一直留在房间里
10 [~ company] 做朋友,结交
不及物动词
1
a. 一直留在 (某地方、位置)
~ at home
一直在家
~ to the right =~right
靠右通行
The children kept indoors.
孩子们一直留在屋里
b. 继续前进[进行]
K~ straight on.
一直向前进
K~ along this road for two miles or so.
继续沿这条路走二哩左右
2 a. 保持<…的状态>,维持 <原状>
Please ~ quiet [silent].
请保持安静 (◆{比较}→ v.t. B 7)
He kept awake.
他一直醒著
"How are you ~ing?"- "I'm ~ing very well, thank you.".
“你好吗?”“谢谢,我一直很好”
We should ~ in touch with scientific advances.
我们应该知晓科学进展的情况
b. 继续<做…>,一直<做…>
The child kept crying.
那孩子哭个不停(cf. keep on (6){用法})
He kept sa

索引:及物动词 不及物动词


近义词

1供养keep, maintain, make offerings to, subsist, support, sustain 辨析>>

2defend, keep, protect 辨析>>

3保存conserve, hold, keep, preserve, reserve, save, conservancy, conservation, preservation 辨析>>

4保守guard, keep 辨析>>

5保持keep, hold, maintain, maintenance, preserve, remain, retain 辨析>>

6保管keep, safekeeping, storage 辨析>>


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